|Romanian Winter Customs|
|The Goat Tradition *Capra
The Little Plough *Plugusorul
Winter Holidays Carols
|The Star Carol *Steaua
|The Goat Tradition *Capra
Beginning from Ignat's Day, the 20th of December, to Saint Vasile's
Day, the 1st of January, children used to go with Goat. They dance accompanied
by the flute music.
Cristi Sebe, School 10 Focsani, RomaniaThis custom lasts from Christmas until New Year. The masks of only one animal, whose name varies from a region to another, replace many times the biblical characters: stag in Hunedoara, goat or "turcã" in Moldavia and Ardeal, "boritã" in South Transylvania.
This custom is also called "brezaia" in Wallachia and Oltenia, because of the multicoloured appearance of the mask. A noisy children group accompanies the mask.
The goat jumps, jerks, turns round, and bends, clattering regularly the wooden jaws.
In town, this show is to be remarked by its originality of the costumes and of the choreography.
Umblatul cu capra
Acest obicei tine, de regulã, de la Crãciun pânã la Anul Nou. Mãstile care evocã la Vicleim personaje biblice sunt înlocuite aici de masca unui singur animal, al cãrui nume variazã de la o regiune la alta: cerb în Hunedoara, caprã sau turcã în Moldova si Ardeal, boritã (de la bour) în Transilvania de sud etc. În Muntenia si Oltenia, capra e denumitã brezaia (din cauza înfãtisãrii pestrite a mãstii) si obiceiul se practicã mai ales de Anul Nou. Masca este însotitã de o ceatã zgomotoasã de copii, cu nelipsitii lãutari ce acompaniazã dansul caprei. Capra saltã si se smuceste, se roteste si se apleacã, clãmpãnind ritmic din fãlcile de lemn. La oras, spectacolul se remarcã mai ales prin originalitatea costumului si a coregrafiei.
Gabriela Brancovici, School 10 Focsani, RomaniaNativity Drama
Played from Christmas to Epiphany, Nativity Drama is a form of folk
theatre, which represents the birth of Jesus. Inspired by clerical literature
from the bible texts, Nativity Drama keeps the hints from the traditional
carol. Other forms of folk theatre developed on outlaws' stories, structure,
which circulated in different regions of our country.
Jucat de la Crãciun pânã la Boboteazã, Vicleimul este o formã de teatru popular care înfãtiseazã nasterea lui Iisus. Inspirat din literatura bisericeascã creatã pe marginea textelor biblice, Vicleimul pãstreazã urme din colindatul cu mãsti. Alte forme de teatru popular s-au dezvoltat pe structura povestilor cu haiduci care circulã în diferite zone ale tãrii. Spectacolul este adesea precedat de o ceartã între anul vechi si anul nou, iar sfârsitul sãu ia forma unei urãri.
Dana Alina Iliescu, School 10 Focsani, RomaniaThe Little Plough *Plugusorul
"Plugusorul" is a small plough but in Romanian folklore is a traditional
procession with a decorated plough, on New Years' Day.
Cristina Mihu, School 10 Focsani, RomaniaThe Star Carol *Steaua
Children make a star using coloured paper and then they put in its middle
a Jesus icon. Many of children decorate their star using tinsel.
"The star has appeared on high,
Raluca Antonache, School 10 Focsani, RomaniaBear Custom
This custom is known only in Moldavia, part of Romania, on the Christmas
Umblatul cu ursul
Aceastã datinã e întâlnitã doar în
Moldova, de Anul Nou.
Cristina Mihu, 4th grade, School 10 Focsani, RomaniaThe Carol
The most important custom during winter festivals is the carol.
Do you know that…
In Island the children who were naughty during the whole year get a
potato instead of presents?
Obiceiul cel mai important din apropierea Crãciunului este colindul.
În Islanda, copiii care au fost obraznici în timpul anului
pot primi de Crãciun un cartof în loc de cadouri?
Oana Sãcãlus, School 10 Focsani, RomaniaSorcova
"Sorcova" is a bouquet used for New Year's wishes. Children wish to the people a happy New Year while touching them lightly with this bouquet.
Maria Dumitru, School 10 Focsani, RomaniaIt is a children's tradition of invoking the divinity of vegetation for the health and wealth of the host in the morning of the first day of the New Year.
The 10 - year old children, after they have wished a happy New Year to the members of the family, go to their neighbors and relatives. "Sorcova" is made up of one or several fruit - tree twinges (apple-tree, pear-tree cherry-tree, plum-tree); all of them are put into water, in warm place, on November 30th, in order to bud and to blossom on new year's Eve. Nowadays people use an apple-tree or pear-tree twig decorated with colored paper and flowers made up of colored paper, too.
"Sorcova" is a symbol of fertility, health and purity. The children touch everybody slightly with "sorcova", wishing them to blossom like apple-tree and pear-tree, to live and grove old like these and to be as strong as a stone or as iron.
The children get all kinds of gifts such as: cakes, honeycombs, biscuits, pretzels, candies, money.
"Colindatul" - this is the most spread and complex of all our customs.
The carol "Sorcova"
All Christmas traditions are an important chapter in the Romanian children' folklore. The carols are a sort of invocation in verse, sung by children on the evenings of Winter Holidays. These folk creation were born long ago…
"Do you receive the pretty star,
Before the "Star Carols" on the Christmas Eve, children used to sing the following introduction:
"Good morning, Christmas Eve,
"Rain is warm and bathes Him,
The Romanian carols have an inner universe in which it can depict one of the Romanian nation's spiritual dimensions, its insight into time and space.